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Read e-book online A Critique of Nicotine Addiction PDF

By Hanan Frenk, Reuven Dar (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0306472325

ISBN-13: 9780306472329

ISBN-10: 0792372255

ISBN-13: 9780792372257

Nicotine is nearly universally believed to be the most important issue that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. professionals reminiscent of the health care provider normal of the us and the Royal collage of Physicians within the united kingdom have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This booklet is a critique of the nicotine dependancy speculation, in response to a serious assessment of the study literature that purports to end up that nicotine is as addictive drug. The evaluation is predicated on a re-evaluation of greater than seven-hundred articles and books in this topic, together with animal and human experimental reports, results of `nicotine substitute therapies', and plenty of different correct resources. This assessment concludes that on current facts, there's each cause to reject the commonly authorized idea that nicotine has an enormous position in cigarette smoking. A severe exam of the factors for drug habit demonstrates that none of those standards is met via nicotine, and that it truly is more likely that nicotine actually limits instead of enables smoking.

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Additional info for A Critique of Nicotine Addiction

Example text

2. Addiction, compulsion, and habit 21 categories of impulse control, eating, or sexual disorders. ,55,285,731. It is important to note that just like the distinction between a ‘good’ and a ‘bad’ habit, a habit is compulsive only to the extent that is recognized as excessive or dysfunctional by the individual with the habit, and is performed with a sense of resistance. 6. HABIT CRAVING, WITHDRAWAL, AND RELAPSE Compulsive habits are defined by a strong urge, or craving, to perform a certain act, such as pulling hair, binge eating, washing hands, stealing or masturbating.

In the next chapter, we will raise the possibility that the Surgeon General’s declaration that nicotine is the addictive drug that causes smoking exemplifies this very seductive, but false, attributional bias. Chapter 4 SMOKING DEFINED AS AN ADDICTION 1. THE SURGEON GENERAL REVIVES THE TERM ‘ADDICTION’ By 1988, most of the medical literature had dropped the term ‘addiction’ like a hot potato. It was replaced by the term ‘drug dependence,’ which was not necessarily better defined, but was certainly more neutral.

In the next chapter, we will raise the possibility that the Surgeon General’s declaration that nicotine is the addictive drug that causes smoking exemplifies this very seductive, but false, attributional bias. Chapter 4 SMOKING DEFINED AS AN ADDICTION 1. THE SURGEON GENERAL REVIVES THE TERM ‘ADDICTION’ By 1988, most of the medical literature had dropped the term ‘addiction’ like a hot potato. It was replaced by the term ‘drug dependence,’ which was not necessarily better defined, but was certainly more neutral.

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A Critique of Nicotine Addiction by Hanan Frenk, Reuven Dar (auth.)


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