By Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot
Автор - профессор истории Ближнего и Среднего Востока Калифорнийского Университета - в своей книге даёт краткий курс истории Египта - от завоевания государства арабами, через эпоху мамлюков, объединение Египта в Османской империи, либеральные эксперименты в конституционном правительстве в начале двадцатого столетия, продолжившиеся в годы Насера и Садата, до настоящего времени, характеризующегося появлением новых политических партий, укреплением исламского фундаментализма и постепенного изменения отношения к женщинам.Образцы сканов:
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Additional info for A History of Egypt: From the Arab Conquest to the Present
Under his rule strange laws were passed. For example, shoemakers were forbidden to make shoes for women, who were enjoined not to leave their houses and not to be seen in public. Mulukhiyya (Jew’s mallow), a favourite food among Egyptians, was banned because Muawiya, the founder of the Umayya caliphate, who had caused the downfall of the Prophet’s son-in-law, loved it. Games were forbidden. Beer and wine were poured into the Nile, along with honey. For the first decade of Hakim’s rule minorities enjoyed privileges.
Europe, which had been drained of its bullion towards the Muslim world to pay for its spices, now saw the flow reversed, with bullion drained from Egypt to pay for furs from the Baltic region, mamluks from the Caucasus to replace those who had been killed by the plague, and weapons. The great profits that had formerly been accumulated through the spice trade evaporated through the purchase of luxury items. Such was the reputation of al-Nasir and the house of Qalawun that, for forty-one years after his death, twelve of his descendants were placed on the throne as puppet rulers to be manipulated by mamluk amirs who fought each other for supremacy.
Once again Hakim sent his black troops to burn and ravage Fustat in punishment for the insolence of its citizens in questioning his wisdom and that of his vizier. After a period of persecution of both Muslims and Christians, Hakim suddenly rescinded all his previous rules for Muslims, claiming that such laws had been of a purely allegorical nature. He also rescinded the discriminatory practices against Christians. But by then the Berber troops in the army had joined forces with the Turkish troops against the black regiments, whose power, in consequence, was broken by the new alliance.
A History of Egypt: From the Arab Conquest to the Present by Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot