By Lukas Thommen
In old Greece and Rome an ambiguous courting constructed among guy and nature, and this decisively decided the way during which they handled the surroundings. at the one hand, nature was once conceived as an area characterised and inhabited via divine powers, which deserved applicable admire. at the different, a rationalist view emerged, in accordance with which people have been to subdue nature utilizing their applied sciences and to eliminate its assets. This booklet systematically describes the ways that the Greeks and Romans intervened within the setting and hence strains the heritage of the stress among the exploitation of assets and the security of nature, from early Greece to the interval of past due antiquity. whilst it analyses the excellent establishing up of the Mediterranean and the northern frontier areas, either for payment and for monetary task. The book's point and method make it hugely available to scholars and non-specialists.
Read Online or Download An Environmental History of Ancient Greece and Rome PDF
Best environmental books
This quantity includes ca. forty chosen full-text contributions from the 6th ecu convention on Geostatistics for Environmental purposes, geoENV VI, held in Rhodes, Greece, October 25-26, 2006. the target of the editors used to be to assemble a collection of papers from which the reader may possibly understand how geostatistics is utilized in the environmental sciences.
The Graduate application in Sustainability technology less than the dep. of city Engineering of The collage of Tokyo has been working an environmental management schooling application on the graduate pupil point considering the fact that 2007 known as the Asian software for Incubation of Environmental Leaders (APIEL). This publication describes the University’s reports in developing and organizing that software and gives a few classes realized should you are contemplating beginning environmental management teaching programs.
Three new biota and extinction of others, and wide soil erosion attaining virtually catastrophic proportions have ended in desertification of many upland components and abandonment through neighborhood populations. The function of climatic switch in place of deforestation and sheep grazing in growing those new environments has proved another factor of significant controversy.
- Environmental Radon
- Product Policy in Europe: New Environmental Perspectives
- Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and -furans (PCDDs/PCDFs): Sources and Environmental Impact, Epidemiology, Mechanisms of Action, Health Risks
- Nematodes as environmental indicators
- Environmental Condition of the Mediterranean Sea: European Community Countries
Extra resources for An Environmental History of Ancient Greece and Rome
A clear theme which emerges from this study is that the “side-effects” of pesticide use, human poisoning, environmental pollution, and food contamination, are at their most damaging in the underdeveloped world. As these costs have become apparent, the view that international trade in pesticides needs to be controlled has developed. Acceptance of this norm has been influenced by the realization in the West that trading in deadly toxins ultimately hurts them too. Pesticides profitably dumped on the Third World market can return to Western consumers in their food imports from the same countries, a process which has been labeled the “circle of poison” (Weir and Schapiro 1981).
Most ran until they dropped. (Weir 1987: 16) Estimates of the numbers of casualties vary, but it is believed that 200,000 people were exposed to the gas and 17,000 permanently disabled as a result. The immediate death toll could have been anywhere between 2,000 and 8,000, as most of the victims were not formally recorded in any way, and the killing of entire families hindered the identification process. Long-term health effects include various breathing and digestion disorders along with birth defects and spontaneous abortions.
It may be the case that the effects of pesticides on soil-inhabiting organisms are limited, but the impact on some predators by these organisms can be far more profound. Birds are far more subject to taking in pesticide residues in this way as their bodies break down harmful chemicals less readily than do mammals. The birds most vulnerable are those at the top of food-chains, the birds of prey. Persistent chemicals such as DDT and dieldrin end up deposited in these creatures via small birds who feed upon contaminated insects in the soil.
An Environmental History of Ancient Greece and Rome by Lukas Thommen