By Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A. Warburton
This quantity offers with the chronology of old Egypt from the fourth millennium till the Hellenistic interval. An preliminary part stories the rules of Egyptian chronology, either old and glossy, from annals and kinglists to C14 analyses of archaeological facts. experts talk about resources, bring together lists of recognized dates, and examine biographical info within the part dedicated to relative chronology. The editors are liable for the ultimate part, which makes an attempt a synthesis of the whole variety of obtainable info to reach at replacement absolute chronologies. the potential readership comprises experts in close to jap and Aegean experiences in addition to Egyptologists.
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Extra resources for Ancient Egyptian Chronology
The guardian Penbuy of Dyn. 19 is known to have had two wives— Amentetwosret and Iretnefer. A stela shows Penbuy, Iretnefer and his adult son Amenmose, but another shows him with Amentetwosret and an infant Amenmose. 8 The dissolution of marriages by death or divorce would not have been uncommon, yet plurality of marriages is rarely documented. For genealogies to have a major impact on chronological problems, it is essential that there must be a clear and uncontroversial link of genealogy to some ﬁxed chronological point, usually the reign of a King.
12 When adequate documentation occurs in the MK, there is still not enough material to present long coherent genealogies apart from the royal family of Dyn. 14 However these fragments are not crucial to the relative chronology of Dyn. 12 which can be ﬁxed by other methods. 11 CAH I/2, 145–189; M. Verner, Forgotten Pharaohs, lost pyramids: Abusir (Prague, 1994), 134–155 on Ra'neferef. 12 A. Blackman, The Rock Tombs of Meir (London, 1915), III, 16–21. 13 Franke, Personendaten. 14 U. Luft, “Illahunstudien I: Zu der Chronologie und den Beamten in den Briefen aus Illahun”, Oikumene 3 (1982), 101–156.
28 Shifts of this size are not compatible with the standard chronology of the NK. Furthermore the supposition of an intercalated day would break the link between the lunar date and a Sothic date implicit in the astronomical dates of the Illahun archive. It is well known that in 238 BC Ptolemy III attempted to introduce an improvement in the Egyptian calendar by adding a 366th day every four years, anticipating the later Julian calendar reform. But his edict went unheeded. A second attempt under Augustus succeeded in imposing a form of the Julian calendar on Egypt.
Ancient Egyptian Chronology by Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A. Warburton