By Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A Warburton
This quantity offers with the chronology of historic Egypt from the fourth millennium till the Hellenistic interval. An preliminary part reports the rules of Egyptian chronology, either historical and smooth, from annals and kinglists to C14 analyses of archaeological info. experts talk about assets, assemble lists of identified dates, and examine biographical info within the part dedicated to relative chronology. The editors are answerable for the ultimate part which makes an attempt a synthesis of the total variety of obtainable info to reach at substitute absolute chronologies. the potential readership contains experts in close to jap and Aegean stories in addition to Egyptologists.
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Additional info for Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
28 Shifts of this size are not compatible with the standard chronology of the NK. Furthermore the supposition of an intercalated day would break the link between the lunar date and a Sothic date implicit in the astronomical dates of the Illahun archive. It is well known that in 238 BC Ptolemy III attempted to introduce an improvement in the Egyptian calendar by adding a 366th day every four years, anticipating the later Julian calendar reform. But his edict went unheeded. A second attempt under Augustus succeeded in imposing a form of the Julian calendar on Egypt.
9 This may have been the case, since pBerlin 10055 from Illahun attests that year 1 of [Amenemhet III] followed directly on year 19 of [Senwosret III],10 which may reﬂect the accession of Amenemhat III after Senwosret III had died in the course of year 19 or 20. But it may also signify that a coregency began after year 19. In Dyn. 18 a new system was adopted which continued until at least ca. 11 Year 1 began on the actual day of accession and the following years were counted, accordingly, from the anniversary in the civil year, so that the civil year now always spanned parts of two regnal years.
The royal names are apt to be so incredibly distorted, that of Senwosret I of Dyn. 12, for instance, being assimilated in the form of Sesonchosis to that of Shoshenk of a thousand years later. The lengths of reigns frequently diﬀer in the versions of Africanus and Eusebius, as well as often showing wide departures from deﬁnitely ascertained ﬁgures. When textual and other critics have done their best or worst, the reconstructed Manetho remains full of imperfections. None the less, Manetho did preserve details which have been conceded as historical by Egyptologists if only very late.
Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik) by Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A Warburton