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Download PDF by Liba Taub: Ancient Meteorology

By Liba Taub

ISBN-10: 0415161967

ISBN-13: 9780415161961

В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:

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4) explained the powers (δυν µεις) of the planets to heat, cool, dry and humidify. The powers of the fixed stars are detailed in chapter 9 of Book 2, where the various powers are discussed with reference to those of the planets. 103 36 PREDICTION AND THE ROLE OF TRADITION 1111 2 3111 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 21111 folio By understanding the motions of the heavenly bodies, one will be able to gain important insights about events on earth.

4) adds that others have done astronomy in similar fashion, conveying a sense that there were a number of astronomical practitioners, that astronomy was not an activity confined to a few. 61 It is characteristic of the parape¯gmata that earlier ‘authorities’ are cited. 62 By singling out particular astronomers by name, as well as place, the author emphasizes the role of individuals, while simultaneously making it clear that a larger number of people were engaged in astronomical activity, at least some of which was (apparently) useful for weather prediction.

74 But it seems unlikely that the parape¯gmata were merely symbolic. Edwin A. 75 Yet, the usefulness for future users of astronomical observations and weather predictions made in a specific (possibly different) place at a specific (and possibly distant) time in the past is not clear; indeed, some ancient authors expressed that concern. 77 Others, including Geminus and Ptolemy, emphasized that knowledge of the location in which the astronomer worked was crucial. We do not know the relationship between the so-called ‘Geminus parape¯gma’ and Geminus’ Introduction to the Phenomena, but the Introduction appears to have been written much later.

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Ancient Meteorology by Liba Taub

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