By Adrian E. Gill
During this paintings, Dr. Gill appears to be like on the learn of oceanic and atmospheric circulations. He explains how atmospheric and oceanic circulations are finally pushed by way of solar power, and covers the examine of saw distributions of actual amounts, together with temperature.
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Additional info for Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics
From the difference between the two curves, the amount of energy that must be transported across each circle of latitude by fluid motion can be calculated. The curve so obtained for the northern hemisphere is shown in Fig. 8. This curve can be compared with the one for the observed transport of energy by the atmosphere (Oort, 1971; Vonder Haar and Oort, 1973). The difference between the two curves (the shaded region in Fig. 8) provides an estimate of the energy transport by the ocean. According to these results, ocean and atmosphere are equally important in transporting energy, the atmosphere being most important at 50"N and the ocean most important at 20"N.
7. 2 Contrasts in Properties of Ocean and Atmosphere Water is very much denser than air. 025 tonne m-’ at the surface). Thus the interface between air and water is very stable because of the strength of the gravitational restoring force when it is displaced from its equilibrium position. Typical displacements observed in surface waves are of order 1 m. Because of the stability of the interface, the two media do not mix in any significant way (whitecaps and spray are only found close to the interface), so transfers of properties between the two media must take place through a well-defined interface.
Such a circulation in the meridional plane is now known to exist in the tropics (see Fig. 7)and Halley’s explanation of the circulation is essentially correct. However, this meridional circulation is now called the Hadley circulation. This appears to be because Halley’s explanation of the easterly component of the trade winds was incorrect, whereas Hadley (1735) gave an explanation that is much closer to the truth. 5’ latitude) by some 2083 miles per day. 5” would, in the absence of friction, acquire a westward velocity of 2083 miles per day at the equator.
Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics by Adrian E. Gill