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Read e-book online Atmospheric Environmental Research: Critical Decisions PDF

By P. J. Crutzen (auth.), Prof. Dr. Detlev Möller (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642583822

ISBN-13: 9783642583827

ISBN-10: 3642635652

ISBN-13: 9783642635656

This is a longer model of lectures that have been held on the summer season workshop Atmosphiirische Umweltforschung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Technik und Natur (At­ mospheric Environmental study among know-how and Nature) on the Techni­ sixteen, 1996. We have been more than pleased to have Paul J. Crutzen, cal college in Cottbus on July winner of the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1995, providing the foremost lecture on glo­ bally altering chemistry within the surroundings. over the past a long time, atmospheric chem­ istry has been confirmed step-by-step, not only as an utilized self-discipline of chemistry, but additionally as a key self-discipline for our knowing of pollution, biogeochemical biking, and climactic techniques besides. actually, the recent definition of meteorology because the technological know-how of physics and chemistry of the ambience expresses this improvement rather well. The chemistry of the ambience is strongly motivated by means of anthropogenic emissions, even on an international scale. because of emissions and chemical reactions, the chemical composition of the ambience impacts the ecosystems without delay through depo­ sition of hint components, and in some way through altering the actual weather. as a result, during this ebook we mixed cutting-edge lectures describing the actual and chemi­ cal prestige of the ambience and chosen matters representing the interface among surroundings, expertise and nature. Oxidising means, heterogeneous techniques and acidity nonetheless stay as key concerns in atmospheric chemistry, even in areas the place effective air regulate measures were followed leading to aid of basic atmospheric pollutants.

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Geophys Res Lett 7:89 Prinn RG, Weiss RF, Miller BR, Huang J, Alyea FN, Cunnold DH, Fraser PJ, Hartley DE, Simmonds PG (1995) Atmospheric trends and lifetime of trichloroethane and global average hydroxyl radical concentrations based on 1978-1994 ALE/GAGE measurements. Science 269:187 Ramanathan V, Subasilar B, Zhang GJ, Conant W, Cess RD, Kiehl IT, Grassl H, Shi L (1995) Warm pool heat budget and shortwave cloud forcing: a missing physics? Science 267:499 Rhine PE, Tubbs LD, Williams D (1969) Nitric acid vapor above 19 km in the earth's atmosphere.

However, in order to interpret field data, models of different degrees of complexity must be developed. The history of atmospheric ozone research is only one of many examples showing that progress in atmospheric sciences is dependent on accurate laboratory data. References Chapman S (1930) On ozone and atomic oxygen in the upper atmosphere. Phil Mag, Ser. 7, Vol. 10, 64:369-383 Crutzen PJ (1971) Ozone production rates in an oxygen-hydrogen-nitrogen oxide atmosphere. Geophys Res 76: 7311-7327 Daumont D,Barbe A, Brion J,Malicet J (1989) New absolute absorption cross-section of 0 3in the 195-350 nm spectral range.

Nature 334:138 Bates DR, Hays PB (1967) Atmospheric nitrous oxide. Planet Space Sci 15:189 Bates DR, Nicolet M (1950) The photochemistry of atmospheric water vapour. J Geophys Res 55:301 Benson SW, Axworthy AE (1965) Reconsiderations of the rate constants from the thermal decomposition of ozone. J Chern Phys 42:2614 Cadle RD, Crutzen pJ, Ehhalt DH (1975) Heterogeneous chemical reactions in the stratosphere. J Geophys Res 80:3381 Chameides WL, Walker JCG (1973) A photochemical theory of tropospheric ozone.

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Atmospheric Environmental Research: Critical Decisions Between Technological Progress and Preservation of Nature by P. J. Crutzen (auth.), Prof. Dr. Detlev Möller (eds.)

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