By Elizabeth Frood
The Ramessid interval in Egypt (ca. 1290-1075 B.C.E.) corresponds to the past due Bronze Age, a time of significant swap either in Egypt and the close to East. this era of empire, ruled via the determine of Ramesses II, witnessed the most important advancements in paintings, language, and non secular reveal. Biographical Texts from Ramessid Egypt deals insights into those cultural modifications throughout the voices of forty-five monks, artists, civil officers, and armed forces males who served lower than the kings of the 19th and 20th Dynasties. Sixty-five biographical texts, that have been inscribed in tombs, on statues and stelae in temples, and quite on temple partitions, supply info in their careers and personality. The metrically prepared translations are brought by means of descriptions of the texts enormous contexts and, the place attainable, summaries of the careers in their vendors. the amount presents an creation to the ancient historical past of the Ramessid interval, drawing jointly key subject matters and interpretive concerns raised through the texts and their contexts. those comprise the illustration of relationships to deities and the king, the thematization of the priestly existence, and implications of adjustments within the texts media, together with new ornamental courses of nonroyal tombs. This integration of textual content with context sheds gentle at the that means of biographical writing in historical Egypt as an entire.
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Additional resources for Biographical Texts from Ramessid Egypt (Writings from the Ancient World)
2, 3b, 17), as well as enabling him to be present at the center of divine action. The biography of the high priest of Isis, Wenennefer, extends the implications of this motif: his initiation, together with the lively celebration surrounding it, opens the way for his assimilation to the divine child Horus-Ihy (no. 17). Oracles, as singular moments of divine intervention, are first attested as the focus of royal monumental narratives in the early Eighteenth Dynasty (Kruchten 2001). They become a component of nonroyal, priestly biographical narrative in the Nineteenth Dynasty.
The dynastic struggles continued after Sety’s death. He was succeeded by Siptah, but other powerful individuals dominate the record at this time: Tawosret, Sety II’s widow, who may have acted as regent or rival to the young 14 BIOGRAPHICAL TEXTS FROM RAMESSID EGYPT king (see no. 33), and the chancellor Bay (no. 32). Although Bay is depicted as an intimate of the king early in his reign, he seems to have fallen from favor: an ostracon records the execution of “the great enemy Bay” in year 5, shortly before Siptah’s own death (Grandet 2000).
Parkinson 1991, 61–63). A significant transformation in the Middle Kingdom is the opening up of the world of the temple as theme and dedicatory context. , Fischer-Elfert and Grimm 2003). This development is especially salient at Abydos where stelae and statues set up in chapels dedicated to individual cults are oriented to practices in the main temple complexes. Individuals express a desire to participate in festivals and relate aspects of priestly duties and activities. Some biographies link acts of piety with ethical concerns (Espinel 2005) and strongly express the protagonist’s involvement with the divine sphere: “I brought ≠Osiris Khentimentu, lord of± Abydos, to his palace, I followed the god to his domain.
Biographical Texts from Ramessid Egypt (Writings from the Ancient World) by Elizabeth Frood