By Stephen H. Schneider
Questions surrounding the problem of weather swap are evolving from "is it happening?" to what may be performed approximately it?". the first stumbling blocks to addressing it at this aspect will not be medical yet political and monetary; still a brief answer is not going. lack of information and confusion surrounding the difficulty - together with lack of know-how of weather technology, its implications for the surroundings and society, and the diversity of coverage strategies to be had - contributes to the political morass over facing weather switch during which we discover ourselves. this article addresses that state of affairs via bringing jointly a variety of writings that research the numerous dimensions of the subjects most crucial in knowing weather switch and rules to think about it. The chapters give some thought to: weather technological know-how in historic point of view; research of uncertainties in weather technology and coverage; the economics of weather coverage; north-south and intergenerational fairness concerns; the function of industrial and in weather recommendations; and coverage mechanisms together with joint implementation, emissions buying and selling, and the so-called fresh improvement mechanism.
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Extra resources for Climate Change Policy: A Survey
In other words, Fig. ”14 Today’s climate models provide geographic resolution down to the scale of a small country. Not only can they reproduce global temperature records, as shown in Fig. 10, but the best model results approach, although with less accuracy, the detailed geographic patterns of temperature, precipitation, and other climatic variables. These pattern-based comparisons of models and reality provide further confirmation of the models’ essential validity. No one model validation experiment alone is enough to give us high confidence in future climate projections.
If we knew the climate sensitivity and the concentration of all atmospheric constituents that affect radiative forcing, then we could more credibly predict future global warming. Another anthropogenic greenhouse gas is methane (CH4), produced naturally and anthropogenically when organic matter decays anaerobically (that is, in the absence of oxygen). Such anaerobic decay occurs in swamps, landfills, rice paddies, land submerged by hydroelectric dams, the guts of termites, and the stomachs of ruminants such as cattle.
Transient Versus Equilibrium Models Whether or not we manage to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, the atmospheric CO2 concentration is likely to reach twice its preindustrial value (that is, CO2 will reach some 560 parts per million) sometime in the present century. Although it may continue to rise well beyond that, a CO2 concentration twice that of preindustrial times probably is the lowest level at which we have any hope of stabilizing atmospheric CO2, barring a major breakthrough in low-cost, low–carbon-emitting energy technologies.
Climate Change Policy: A Survey by Stephen H. Schneider