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Download PDF by Matthew R. Parsek, Sally M. McFall, A. M. Chakrabarty: Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications

By Matthew R. Parsek, Sally M. McFall, A. M. Chakrabarty (auth.), M. Moo-Young, W. A. Anderson, A. M. Chakrabarty (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048146577

ISBN-13: 9789048146574

ISBN-10: 9401714355

ISBN-13: 9789401714358

Biotechnology deals a `natural' means of addressing environmental difficulties, starting from id of biohazards to bioremediation concepts for commercial, agricultural and municipal effluents and residues. Biotechnology is additionally an important aspect within the paradigm of `sustainable development'. This selection of sixty six papers, by means of authors from 20 nations spanning four continents, addresses lots of those concerns. the fabric provided will curiosity scientists, engineers, and others in undefined, govt and academia. It accommodates either introductory and complicated points of the subject material, including water, air and soil therapy, biosensor and biomonitoring expertise, genetic engineering of microorganisms, and coverage matters in utilising biotechnology to environmental difficulties. The papers current numerous features starting from present cutting-edge learn, to examples of purposes of those technologies.

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Pogell (1991), Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57, 440-444. J. Zulty, M. K. Speedie. (1992), Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 38, 94-100. S. J. M. K. Speedie (1991), Abstr. Annu. Meet. Amer. Soc. Microbiol. 259. Schrempf, H. (1985), In Microbiology 1985 (D. 436440. Amer. Soc. C. , S. S. M. Pogell (1994), submitted for publication. Speedie, M. , B. M. J. MacDonald, R. -1. Huang (1987-1989), The Actinomycetes 20(4), 315-335. , and Laredo. J. (1989), Bioltechnol. 7, 65-68. HEAVY METAL RESISTANCE PLASMIDS AND USE IN BIOREMEDIATION Ginro Endo*, Guangyong n**, and Simon Silver Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612-7344, USA ·Faculty of Engineering, Tohoku Gakuin University, Tagajo 985, Japan **skirball Institute, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA INTRODUCTION Bacterial plasmid systems show resistance to toxic metal ions of environmental concern.

1993). The further addition of DRS-1 to lindane-S. PS 115 fermentations did not result in significant release of radioactive C02 • The ability of S. PS 115 to degrade atrazine in soil was tested on a laboratory scale. PS115 and containing chitin as a semi-selective substrate (Hsu and Lockwood, 1975) (Fig. 3). Rapid colonization by the streptomycete took place under a constant humidified air flow. The atrazine concentration in the soil was reduced to 5-6 p,g/g within about 3 weeks. A strong ammonia smell and rise in pH was noticed in these flasks, indicating a rapid degradation of chitin.

I ,, 58% ...... , " " I 8% ' ' ...... - 538 aa H ' arsA B ATPa~,... 'nate sut:Jtlnit -1-eductase ~trunit ,..... ,..... -,..... ~ 1'41 aa ,..... ,..... arsC ...... ,..... ~ Escherichia coli (Gram negative) chromosome Figure 2: Genes and products for arsenic resistance in S. aureus and E. coli. Alignment and functions (below) of arsenic resistance genes (shaded boxes) with lengths of genes products in amino acids (aa) (above and below genes) and percent identities of amino acid products (between) (updated from Silver et al.

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Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications by Matthew R. Parsek, Sally M. McFall, A. M. Chakrabarty (auth.), M. Moo-Young, W. A. Anderson, A. M. Chakrabarty (eds.)


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