By Jean-Paul Sartre
Sartre’s Existential Psychoanalysis contemplates existentialism because it relates to glossy psychology
In Existential Psychoanalysis, Sartre seems at existentialism during the lens of recent psychology, with a selected curiosity in Freud’s concept of determinism. by way of framing the “human situation” round an existentialist psychoanalysis, the French thinker contradicts Freud by way of claiming that people are in complete keep an eye on in their offerings, behaviors, and decisions—blatantly disagreeing with Freud’s suggestion of the subconscious libido.
By marrying philosophy with psychology and arguing opposed to one other well-known philosopher (Freud), Sartre asks the reader to reconsider the common definition of existentialist conception.
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Extra info for Existential Psychoanalysis
What 1 will is my tomorrow's willing. And we indeed find agai n the duality willed willing, but I precisely cannot will my sub sequent willing. I f I roll my eyes, if I clench my fists and grit my teeth saying : ' I will be faithful to her', I will emptily, I will a host of particular willings that threaten to escape me one by one. I would term volitions of this kind - very common, by the way empty volitions, by analogy with Husserl's empty intentions. I fear they may have served as models for the classical conception of will .
So, what with thought and actions being a n emanation o f one's temperament , and the latter in its turn deriving from one's heredity, profession and environment, everything is drowned in a universal relativism . The conclusive argument itself is reduced for him to a technical success. The workman is congratulated for it, but the very congratulations make his success a chance, individual one. If he's silenced by some argument , he'll never say that the argument's valid, but rather that I'm clever.
He falls silent at last, overcome by our voices but not b y our reasons. He ch ew s ove r h is pessim ism in silence. In the end, he goes out sla mming the door and the W a rrant-o ff ice r , self-important and sorrowful, points to the d oor that has j ust closed : 'A fellow like that would be di sastrous for the morale of a battery. A leader, a real leader . . ' The door reopens, Naudin comes back in and now the Warrant-officer will never tell us what a real leader should do ; he fidgets about, that suppressed speech visibly burning his tongue .
Existential Psychoanalysis by Jean-Paul Sartre