By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee on International Capacity-Building for the Protection and Sustainable Use of Oceans and Coasts
Marine environments help the livelihoods, economies, and caliber of existence for groups all over the world. yet development of coastal populations and extending calls for on marine assets are placing the way forward for ocean and coastal assets in danger via affects reminiscent of overfishing, wetland drainage, weather swap, and toxins of coastal waters. Given those calls for, it is important to construct capacity--the humans, the associations, and know-how and tools--needed to regulate ocean assets. regrettably, many means development efforts specialize in particular tasks instead of on capability development as objective unto itself, leading to actions that aren't funded or sustained earlier the normally brief undertaking lifetime. This e-book reveals that the main profitable capacity-building efforts meet the wishes of a selected locale or area in keeping with periodic exams and comprise plans to keep up and extend skill after the undertaking ends. The record recommends ways in which governments and corporations might help boost marine security and administration potential, together with accomplishing periodic software exams, planning to maintain investment, and constructing management and political will. The publication was once produced on the request of Gordon and Betty Moore origin, the President's Circle of the nationwide Academies, the David and Lucile Packard origin, the nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric management, the nationwide technology origin, the Marisla origin, and the Curtis and Edith Munson Foundation.
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Additional resources for Increasing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts: A Priority for the 21st Century
Many charitable foundations have supported capacity-building efforts in ocean-related matters, such as the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Pew Charitable Trusts, the Ocean Foundation, the Sloan Foundation, and the Nippon Foundation. Governments of developing nations may also be donors. They often play a central role in supporting capacity-building through programs to increase expertise in the science and management of marine and coastal resources.
In addition, aquaculture operations often pollute marine habitats, cause habitat degradation, and raise conflicts with other users of marine areas. The downward trend in provision of ecosystem services is not inevitable, and degraded ecosystems may improve with better management or restoration efforts. Many changes THE CHALLENGES OF ACHIEVING STEWARDSHIP OF OCEANS AND COASTS in practices, policies, and governance will be needed to prevent further loss of marine ecosystem services. Globalization Globalization is driving change in unprecedented ways and is enabled by advances in communication and by increased mobility of people and commodities.
For example, construction of shrimp ponds in a mangrove forest is intended to produce more food, but alteration of the mangrove ecosystems results in loss of the suite of services they provide. , 2001). Often, decisions are made to convert habitats, such as mangroves, without consideration or awareness of the trade-offs in ecosystem services and potential impacts on the communities benefiting from these services. Seafood from wild stocks is a major provisioning service that is threatened, in many cases by unsustainable fishing practices, often combined with loss of fish habitats.
Increasing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts: A Priority for the 21st Century by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee on International Capacity-Building for the Protection and Sustainable Use of Oceans and Coasts