By Colin Adams
The papyri of Egypt provide a wealthy and intricate photo of this crucial Roman province and supply an remarkable perception into how a Roman province really labored. in addition they come up with the money for a precious window into historic fiscal habit and lifestyle. This examine is the 1st systematic remedy of the position of land delivery in the monetary lifetime of Roman Egypt, a daily financial task on the middle of the financial system not just of Egypt yet of the Roman international. Colin Adams reviews the economics of animal possession, the function of shipping within the advertisement and agricultural economies of Egypt, and the way the Roman country used provincial assets to fulfill its personal shipping calls for. He unearths a posh courting among inner most person and nation of their use of delivery assets, a dynamic and rational economic system, and the commercial and administrative habit imposed while an imperial energy made calls for upon a province.
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Extra resources for Land Transport in Roman Egypt: A Study of Economics and Administration in a Roman Province
Fournet, ‘The identiWcation of Myos Hormos: new papyrological evidence’, BIFAO 94 (1995), 27–42. 85 Sidebotham, Roman Economic Policy, 17–19. , ‘IdentiWcation of Myos Hormos’, 28. See most recently, H. Cuvigny, La Route de Myos Hormos, 2 vols (Cairo, 2003) i 24–7. , 28–30. 87 See S. E. Sidebotham and R. E. 2 (1995), 39–51 for a general treatment. 90 Like all routes in the Eastern Desert, there is little evidence of paving, but this was unnecessary on Xat wadi Xoors, and would have been hard to maintain, especially in view of the damage that could result from periodic Xash Xoods.
Sidebotham, ‘Ports of the Red Sea and the Arabia–India trade’, in V. Begley and R. D. , 1991), 16–17, suggests that bulk agricultural commodities may have been transported. 79 The Wnal possibility is some connection with the Roman Red Sea Xeet, but the existence of this Xeet, or at least its nature, is debatable. 80 We know little else. It is clear that the canal remained open, if not permanently, at least during various periods. 82 We should conclude that Trajan’s Canal was not a regular transport route.
49 Wheeled 47 P. Tebt. I 92 (late second century bc) (trans. Hunt). In a fragment of a copy of the same text, P. Tebt. IV 1102, an additional line is preserved: ‘it is transported from there by pack-animals to . . in the Heracleopolite [nome] . . to Alexandria . . , 8 artabas on every 100 for . . the village . ’ For discussion, see M. RostovtzeV, ‘Angariae’, Klio 6 (1906), 209, and Crawford, Kerkeosiris, 128. 48 Transport operations often involved cross-nome organization, which point will be developed more fully below.
Land Transport in Roman Egypt: A Study of Economics and Administration in a Roman Province by Colin Adams