By Jianhai Xiang
As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the great scope of the strategic common record of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and expertise within the box of marine technological know-how. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group studies study the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technology and know-how, describe the decisive influence of technological know-how and know-how at the modernization procedure, expect that the realm is at the eve of an approaching S&T revolution, and contact for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in keeping with the designated examine of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the studies draw a framework for 8 easy and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technological know-how and expertise, figure out China's S&T roadmaps for the appropriate 8 simple and strategic platforms based on China's truth, additional element S&T tasks of strategic significance to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with entire consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in step with China's truth. Supported by means of illustrations and tables of knowledge, the stories supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with advice relating learn instructions, the making plans technique, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's maximum educational establishment in normal sciences. Its significant duties are to behavior learn in simple and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on typical assets and ecological surroundings, to supply the rustic with clinical facts and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks in regards to key S&T difficulties within the means of socio-economic improvement, to begin team of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech businesses via its lively engagement in those parts.
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Extra resources for Marine Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
4) Theme 4: The role of the oceans in the climate system. Include: understanding the interaction between ocean and the climate system in different regions; understanding the impact of climate variability and change on the oceans, the marine ecosystem, and the biogeochemical cycles; predicting the future climate change and its impact on the marine impact based on the understanding of the oceans. 5) Theme 5: To improve the level of ecosystem health. Include: understanding and predicting the course of nature and human activities on ecosystems; assessing the impact of various human developments on ecosystems through understanding the natural and human activity, socio-economic evaluation, and the simulation; by strengthening the understanding of marine ecosystem, applying appropriate indicators and measurements on sustainable use and effective management.
Fisheries resources have the characteristics of migratory movement, even after the maritime boundaries are delimitated, issues on the distribution of biological resources and protection will still exist. Based on the concept of “state of origin” for fishery resources (for example, in the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the South China Sea, a number of important economic fish and shrimp’s spawning grounds are in the side of Chinese coastal waters, while the grow-up individuals will migrate to the waters of neighboring countries in a season), the protection of marine bio-resources and fisheries interests in the future is a long-term and arduous task for China to safeguard its maritime rights and interests.
The ocean wind, wave and flow energy is great, also has a formidable destructive power, the difficulty of technical development and utilization is also large, and thus is inseparable with the technology development. Salt-water corrosion on the metal structure is very strong, marine organisms also have amazing vitality to quickly cover the sea surface of marine constructions. Therefore, to develop ocean energy must solve these problems first. , are still in the stages of theoretical research, testing and small-scale R&D, and partial commercial production.
Marine Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Jianhai Xiang