By Walter A. Kaufmann
This vintage is the benchmark opposed to which all smooth books approximately Nietzsche are measured. whilst Walter Kaufmann wrote it within the quick aftermath of worldwide warfare II, such a lot students outdoor Germany seen Nietzsche as half madman, half proto-Nazi, and nearly completely unphilosophical. Kaufmann rehabilitated Nietzsche approximately single-handedly, providing his works as one of many nice achievements of Western philosophy.
Responding to the robust myths and countermyths that had sprung up round Nietzsche, Kaufmann provided a sufferer, evenhanded account of his lifestyles and works, and of the makes use of and abuses to which next generations had positioned his rules. with no ignoring or downplaying the ugliness of lots of Nietzsche's proclamations, he set them within the context of his paintings as a complete and of the counterexamples yielded through a liable analyzing of his books. extra definitely, he awarded Nietzsche's rules approximately energy as one of many nice accomplishments of contemporary philosophy, arguing that his belief of the "will to power" used to be now not a crude apology for ruthless self-assertion yet needs to be associated with Nietzsche's both profound rules approximately sublimation. He additionally offered Nietzsche as a pioneer of recent psychology and argued key to knowing his total philosophy is to determine it as a response opposed to Christianity.
Many students long ago part century have taken factor with a few of Kaufmann's interpretations, however the e-book ranks as essentially the most influential bills ever written of any significant Western thinker.
The measure of introspection accomplished via Nietzsche had by no means been completed via somebody, neither is it ever more likely to be accomplished back - Sigmund Freud
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Extra info for Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist
Still one last question: if we had believed from childhood that all salvation issued from another than Jesus—say, from Mo- hammed—is it not certain that we should have experienced the same blessings? . Every true faith is infallible inasmuch as it accomplishes what the person who has the faith hopes to find in 24 NIETZSCHE: PHILOSOPHER, PSYCHOLOGIST, ANTICHRIST it; but faith does not offer the least support for a proof of objective truth. Here the ways of men part: if you wish to strive for peace of soul and pleasure, then believe; if you wish to be a devotee of truth [ein Jünger der Wahrheit], then inquire.
Nietzsche's discernment in such matters was generally good, and he believed that Schopenhauer, Heine, and Wagner were the most important men in German arts and letters since Goethe's death. ) Schopenhauer and Heine were dead, whereas Wagner lived in Tribschen, not far from Basel. It was Wagner's presence that convinced Nietzsche that greatness and genuine creation were still possible, and it was Wagner who inspired him with the persistent longing first to equal and then to outdo his friend. Again, Nietzsche did not require Burckhardt to suggest to him the agonistic interpretation of classical Greek friendship.
Cf. Mann's essay on "Nietzsches Philosophie" in Neue Studien (1948) where this experience is also considered crucial, inasmuch as Mann supposes that Nietzsche could not resist the temptation to return to a brothel a year later and then infected himself. Cf. note 37 below. Nietzsche's Life as Background of His Thought 25 they were drawn to each other by a common enthusiasm for ancient Greek culture and became the closest of friends. Professor Ritschl called them "the Dioscuri," and they seemed inseparable.
Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist by Walter A. Kaufmann