By Roger Howard
The forgotten cloak-and-dagger background of the previous Nazi scientists who have been recruited by way of Egypt to increase long-range missiles able to impressive Israel
From 1951 to 1967 Egypt pursued a mystery software to construct army rockets that may have conceivably posed a danger to neighboring Israel. simply because such an bold venture required Western services, the Egyptian chief President Nasser employed West German scientists, a lot of them veterans of the Nazi rocket software at Peenemu¨nde and in other places. those covert plans quickly got here to the eye of Israel’s mythical mystery carrier, Mossad, and triggered deep alarm in Tel Aviv.Would Israel fall lower than the shadow of long-range missiles held by way of a ruler who was once sworn to break the Jewish kingdom? may well the missiles be equipped with warheads choked with radiological, chemical, or perhaps nuclear fabrics? Israel answered through the use of threats, intimidation, and brutal assassination squads to discourage the German scientists from engaged on Nasser’s behalf.Exactly part a century later, this publication tells the gripping tale of the mysterious fingers purchasers, Mossad assassins, medical genii, and best figures who all performed their half in Operation Damocles.
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Additional info for Operation Damocles: Israel's Secret War Against Hitler's Scientists
Meanwhile Egyptian social science was emerging. Sociology was formally taught at Cairo University from 1925, and anthropology from the early 1930s. The sociology taught was close to philosophy and focused on questions of national identity (Zayed 1995; Roussillon 1999), whereas the anthropology was in many ways close to folklore (see Galal 1937). Beginning in the 1930s a desire for social reform called a different kind of social science into being (‘Uways 1989). The 1952 revolution led to optimism that a younger generation of Egyptians could take their society in hand and refashion it for the modern era.
Some of the traits that anthropologists identify as speciﬁcally Nubian are in fact found in the neighboring groups (for example, the belief in mushahra, see Callender and el Guindi 1971:13). Others are no longer relevant, for instance the fact that Nubians remained Christian for many centuries after Egypt became predominantly Muslim. Issues of religion, social organization, and family structure are not clear markers. Although Nubians are generally considered to be darker-skinned than other Egyptians, this is not always the case.
Fernea 1970:xii). W. Fernea 1970) for a period of about two months. She was accompanied by her two young children, and was pregnant. 30 She has provided an account of her stay in Nubia (1970:119– 264, later reprinted in E. Fernea and R. Fernea 1991:27–117; see also E. Fernea and R. Fernea 1997:231–39). Formatted as a series of stories dramatizing the encounter of Nubian and American personalities, the narrative in fact exempliﬁes Nubian family life: the relations between men and women, the concern over the health of children and others, etiquette and hospitality, marriage and death.
Operation Damocles: Israel's Secret War Against Hitler's Scientists by Roger Howard