By Lynn Horton
Peasants in Arms information the function of neighborhood elites in organizing the 1st anti-Sandinista rebellion in 1980 and their next upward thrust to positions of box command within the contras. Lynn Horton explores the interior elements that led a majority of peasants to show opposed to the revolution and the ways that the army draft, and relations and group pressures bolstered clash and undermined mid-decade FSLN coverage shifts that tried to win again peasant support.
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Additional resources for Peasants In Arms: War & Peace in the Mountains of Nicaragua, 1979-1994 (Ohio RIS Latin America Series)
S. government abandoned its attempt to defeat Sandino militarily and withdrew the last contingent of Marines from Nicaragua. With the Marines gone, Sandino negotiated a peace settlement with Liberal president Juan B. Sacasa, and as part of the peace accord, Sandino was given control of , square kilometers of territory in the zone of Wiwilí (). Over the next year Sandino and some one hundred of his soldiers dedicated themselves to organizing farming and gold-washing cooperatives along the banks of the Río Coco approximately twenty kilometers east of the town of Quilalí.
Marines] who wanted to usurp our rights and make our families their slaves” (quoted in Schroeder , ). One of Sandino’s earliest recruits in Quilalí was sixteen-year-old Victoriano Rodríguez, a member of a relatively well-oﬀ family that had moved to Quilalí from León in the early s and opened a general store. S. S. intervention in favor of the contras in the s. “Every invasion is destructive,” he states. Rodríguez recalls that Sandino’s guerrillas often lacked ammunition and weapons, had no uniforms, and wore only ﬂimsy sandals on their feet.
In so doing, Colburn asserts, they undermined the overall economic goals of the FSLN. This study suggests that Quilalí anti-Sandinista poor peasants in particular recognized their own vulnerability and many preferred everyday resistance as their ﬁrst option. As will be seen, anti-Sandin ista women and older men were partly successful in maintaining an outward appearance of neutrality, often while secretly collaborating with the contras. However, the dynamics of militarization in war zones like Quilalí made it extremely diﬃcult for young men to avoid taking up arms with either the Sandinista Army or the contras.
Peasants In Arms: War & Peace in the Mountains of Nicaragua, 1979-1994 (Ohio RIS Latin America Series) by Lynn Horton