By Johan Rooryck, Laurie Zaring (auth.), Johan Rooryck, Laurie Zaring (eds.)
V, ThemelPatients to the bottom specifier of V', and brokers to a place outdoors the minimum vice chairman. back, thematic info is encoded by way of configurational homes. Addressing the problem of word constitution in one other area, Margaret Speas investigates the prestige of null pronominal items in Navajo. Following Rizzi (1986), she assumes that null pronouns needs to meet either a licensing and an id . extra in particular, she demonstrates that distributional regulations on null pronominal gadgets in Navajo should be defined whether it is assumed that null gadgets obey the id expressed by way of the Generalized keep an eye on Rule of Huang (1984). Distinguishing 3 forms of null gadgets, she argues that correct licensing situation on subtypes of null items includes wealthy contract. despite the fact that, it seems that there are languages missing wealthy contract yet with seasoned in item place. Speas debts for those phenomena by means of a rule of financial system of projection. A moment sequence of papers is anxious with the best way sensible different types derive facets of sentential interpretation. 3 matters during this study application are investigated right here: exterior arguments as arguments of practical projections (Kratzer), the specificity interpretation of clitics (Sportiche), and the translation of annoying (Stowell). In all 3 circumstances, word constitution is positioned to take advantage of to derive interpretive results. Angelika Kratzer proposes that exterior arguments should not a part of the verb.
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Extra resources for Phrase Structure and the Lexicon
While they are certainly not canonical agents, they do arguably have more proto-agent properties than anything else in the clause; this would allow them to be treated as agents within a prototype theory of thematic roles like that developed in Dowty (1991). inchoative alternations, as shown in (vii): ON THE STRUCTIJRAL POSITIONS OF THEMES AND GOALS (vii) a. b. 31 *Susan inherited Mary the diamond ring. *John received Max a beer. Paul Postal (personal communication) points out one further class of verbs that may be relevant.
15 Importantly, this property can be independently motivated for the Bantu languages in question by other facts about three-argument verbs, as shown in Baker (1988a). See also Bresnan and Moshi (1990) for a somewhat different analysis of the contrast between Sesotho-like languages and Chichewa-like languages, as well as a very systematic ~resentation of the range of evidence relevant to this question. 6 It should be noted that this analysis uses Burzio's Generalization as an actual principle of grammar.
In effect, this makes the noun the head of the noun phrase and its sisters (at various levels in the phrase structure tree) its dependents, or more precisely dependents of the constituent to which they are sisters.! The analysis of phrase structure since then has required the establishment of which elements are heads (that is, which categories have projections). This has become a topic of great interest because of claims that many categories other than the usual N, V, A, P can function as heads (Chomsky 1986, 1991; Abney 1987; Pollock 1989; and many recent papers) and that in fact these other categories are the heads of the syntactic units once called NP and S (whose status as a projection of V has been problematic anyway).
Phrase Structure and the Lexicon by Johan Rooryck, Laurie Zaring (auth.), Johan Rooryck, Laurie Zaring (eds.)