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Download PDF by Eerik Lagerspetz: Social Choice and Democratic Values

By Eerik Lagerspetz

ISBN-10: 3319232606

ISBN-13: 9783319232607

ISBN-10: 3319232614

ISBN-13: 9783319232614

This ebook deals a entire review and critique of an important political and philosophical interpretations of the fundamental result of social selection, assessing their plausibility and trying to establish the hyperlinks among the idea of social selection and the extra conventional problems with political conception and philosophy. during this regard, the writer eschews a robust methodological dedication or technical formalism; the method is as a substitute in response to the presentation of political evidence and illustrated through quite a few real-life examples. this permits the reader to get familiar with the philosophical and political dispute surrounding vote casting and collective decision-making and its hyperlinks to social selection theory.

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Sample text

To quote Heinberg (1926, 61), the several components of the majority principle “are found to be working smoothly in the Athenian ecclesia, and not again until we reach the sixteenth century English House of Commons”. And only in the twentieth century did majority rule become predominant in its “normal” sense: representatives, elected by a majority of the adult population by a universal and equal suffrage, make the most important political decisions by using simple (absolute) majority rule, without a need to receive binding instructions from their constituents.

It is hardly an accident that the two most powerful and active representative bodies of the eighteenth century Europe, the Parliament of England and the Estates of Sweden, abandoned the idea of an imperative mandate, and developed well-established majoritarian institutions. They were followed in this by the United States and the revolutionary France. In seventeenth century Sweden, unanimity between the four Estates was needed for a decision; if there were several proposals, the King was free to choose from among them.

Thus, coalition-building in the Continental Congress was very difficult: in order to get a decision through, one has to persuade the majorities of the delegates of at least nine states. Because of the low attendance, most decisions required a virtual unanimity of those present. Before 1781, about 60 % of all the motions put forward in Congress were approved. After the ratification of the Articles, the proportion fell to 30 %. For example, the Continental Congress was unable to make a decision on the location of the capital of the Confederation.

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Social Choice and Democratic Values by Eerik Lagerspetz

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