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Download e-book for iPad: Social-Ecological Systems in Transition by Shoko Sakai, Chieko Umetsu

By Shoko Sakai, Chieko Umetsu

ISBN-10: 4431549099

ISBN-13: 9784431549093

ISBN-10: 4431549102

ISBN-13: 9784431549109

This e-book offers an summary of present wisdom approximately social–ecological structures (SESs), a effective new box devoted to figuring out the relationships among human society and nature. To make the reader conscious of how SESs are essential to retain our society, the booklet starts with a huge point of view approximately what social–ecological structures are and what the similar study matters during this box are besides. the second one half discusses how human actions have replaced ecosystems from temperate grasslands to tropical parts. The 3rd half makes a speciality of the adaptability of societies to unpredictable fluctuation in ecosystems, whereas the final half summarizes components for the resilience of society opposed to social and ecological shocks. Human actions have critically degraded such a lot common ecosystems, that are now in serious situation. a variety of techniques were built to enhance the SESs, to appreciate environmental difficulties and discover larger how one can elevate the sustainability either one of ecosystems and of human societies. even though, a transparent standpoint on find out how to tackle such difficulties continues to be missing. a part of the trouble arises due to the range and complexity of ecosystems and human societies. one other vital issue is the impression of tremendous quick adjustments within the social and fiscal features of social–ecological platforms. for that reason, adaptability and resilience essentially are crucial for the sustainability of SESs. even though there isn't any one, direct solution to in attaining excessive adaptability and resilience, a potential means is to check and comprehend the various difficulties linked to differing social–ecological structures. This released paintings makes an invaluable contribution to a better realizing of how that crucial social responses associated with adjustments in ecosystems can most likely stimulate extra study in this vital and engaging topic. The ebook will allure the eye of students in environmental sciences, ecology, and sociology, and certainly of somebody drawn to the concept that of social–ecological systems.

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1007/s10310-014-0444-3 Kato M, Inoue T, Hamid AA, Nagamitsu T, Merdek MB, Nona AR, Itino T, Yamane S, Yumoto T (1995) Seasonality and vertical structure of light-attracted insect communities in a dipterocarp forest in Sarawak. Res Popul Ecol 37(1):59–79. 1007/bf02515762 Kishimoto-Yamada K, Itioka T, Nakagawa M, Momose K, Nakashizuka T (2011) Phytophagous scarabaeid diversity in Swidden cultivation landscapes in Sarawak, Malaysia. Raffles Bull Zool 59(2):285–293 Kishimoto-Yamada K, Hyodo F, Matsuoka M, Hashimoto Y, Kon M, Ochi T, Yamane S, Ishii R, Itioka T (2013) Effects of remnant primary forests on ant and dung beetle species diversity in a secondary forest in Sarawak, Malaysia.

The region is subject to irregular and short-term droughts; however, there is no regular dry season, as such (Kume et al. 2011). The national park is mainly covered with a primary lowland mixed dipterocarp forest (Hazebroek and Abang Kashim bin Abang Morshidi 2000), which is formed on nutrient-poor sandy or clay soil (Watson 1985). , trees rising above the canopy) reaching a maximum height of 70 m (Kato et al. 1995). The forest potentially contains the richest tree diversity in the Old World, with a record number of 1,175 tree species in a 52-ha plot (Condit et al.

In comparison, the lowest bat species richness was recorded in oil palm plantations, followed by fruit tree groves. The authors suggested that secondary forests in fallows potentially maintain bat diversity, whereas fruit tree groves and oil palm plantations provide inadequate habitats for most frugivorous and insectivorous bats. Oil palm plantations are known to support far fewer wildlife species compared to primary forests and often have fewer species compared to other tree crops and secondary forests (Fitzherbert et al.

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Social-Ecological Systems in Transition by Shoko Sakai, Chieko Umetsu

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