By Warren King Moorehead, John E. Kelly
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
This version of Moorehead’s excavations at Cahokia offers a entire selection of Moorehead’s investigations of the nation’s biggest prehistoric mound middle.
Covering virtually fourteen sq. kilometers in Illinois, Cahokia Mounds country historical website is the most important prehistoric mound heart in North the United States and has been unique an international historical past web site through the United international locations. equipped among A.D. 1050 and 1350, Cahokia initially contained the is still of over a hundred earthen mounds that have been used as locations for local American rituals, houses of chiefs, or elite tombs. past scientists debated even if the mounds have been a part of the average panorama, and lots of have been destroyed by means of city and commercial development
This publication is a file of archaeological investigations carried out at Cahokia from 1921 to 1927 by means of Warren ok. Moorehead, who proven that the mounds have been outfitted by means of indigenous peoples and who labored to guarantee maintenance of the location. the amount comprises Moorehead’s ultimate 1929 document besides parts of 2 initial reviews, masking either Cahokia and a number of other surrounding mound groups.
John Kelly’s advent to the ebook units Moorehead’s investigations within the context of alternative paintings performed at Cahokia sooner than the Nineteen Twenties and afterwards. Kelly stories Moorehead’s paintings, which hired 19th-century excavation options mixed with modern analytical tools, and explains how Moorehead contended with neighborhood social and political pressures.
Moorehead’s paintings represented vital excavations at a time while little different comparable paintings used to be being performed within the Midwest. The reissue of his findings provides us a glimpse into a major archaeological attempt and is helping us higher have fun with the prehistoric legacy that he helped preserve.
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Additional info for The Cahokia Mounds
Materials examined in the University of Illinois collections indeed do suggest an intense pre-mound Stirling phase component. A large, circular clay hearth was uncovered during the excavation into Mound 82. This finding suggests that this small earthen edifice was a substructure mound. Again, the materials recovered appear to be affiliated with the Sand Prairie phase occupation in this area ofCahokia (Kelly et al. 1995). Mound 80 (actually Mound 75 [Fowler 1997]), approximately 2,500 feet to the southwest of Sawmill, contained "a large number of potsherds, bones, burned clay, and village site material" (Moorehead 1923:16).
His observation on the presence of such materials in the backyards of residences at these depths between 20 and 36 inches has been recently verified (Kelly 1994). In general the 1922 investigations at Cahokia were the most extensive that Moorehead undertook and were published by the University of Illinois the following year (Moorehead 1923). A complete copy of the text, excluding plates and bibliography that also appear in the 1929 report, is included here in facsimile form. He was able to integrate into his investigations the work of geologists, anatomists to examine human remains, and other specialists.
Except for a Middle Woodland sherd, the materials are indicative of a Mississippian, Lohmann phase, affiliation. With the exception of the celt cache recovered from beneath this mound in 1943 (Harn 1971; Esarey and Pauketat 1992), this artifact is the only material recovered from the mound. The remaining site investigated in 1923 was the Emerald Mound group, in the upland Silver Creek drainage 15 miles east southeast of Cahokia (Koldehoff et al. 1993). In his publication, Moorehead referred to this site as the Stock Mound, which included the largest mound and two smaller mounds to the east.
The Cahokia Mounds by Warren King Moorehead, John E. Kelly