By Leslie Bethell
Quantity 6 brings jointly common essays on significant subject matters within the fiscal, social, and political heritage of Latin the United States from 1930 to 1990. half 1 offers basically with financial subject matters.
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Extra resources for The Cambridge History of Latin America: Latin America since 1930: Economy, Society and Politics: Economy and Society
Increased access to contraception, through family planning programmes supported by governments and other agencies as well as increased commercial distribution, played a major direct role. Underlying social and economic changes increased motivation to control fertility, either to delay childbearing or to attain smaller completed family size, usually a combination of both. Even before the onset of rapid fertility declines, important social and economic differentials were marked within Latin American countries.
This is partly because these groups represent the largest share of total population, but also because low-income women tend to have higher fertility and produce a disproportionate share to annual births. High fertility contributes to high infant mortality because births are so closely spaced. Research has shown that children born less than two years apart have higher risk of birth defects and of death in infancy or early childhood. Data for Costa Rica and Peru show that children born within a year of a sibling were five or six times more likely to die before age one than those born after a threeor four-year interval.
7. According to these data, 17 per cent of the population of the region was urban in 1930 compared to 26 per cent in 1950. Using official definitions for 1950, the percentage rises to 41 per cent, reflecting the incorporation of many smaller towns and cities that qualified as 'urban' under the administrative definition that was widely used. By 1980 this percentage had risen to 65 per cent, when 236 million of Latin America's 363 million population lived in urban areas. 7, we see that in 1930 only Argentina, Chile and Uruguay had more than 30 per cent of their population in urban areas.
The Cambridge History of Latin America: Latin America since 1930: Economy, Society and Politics: Economy and Society by Leslie Bethell