By Carola Vogel
In the course of the outdated and heart Kingdoms, historic Egypt led the realm within the building of fortifications. The oldest used to be stumbled on on Elephantine Island and dates to c.2900 BC. This e-book investigates over 2,000 years of Egyptian fortification, together with either fortified towns and armed forces installations. It covers the main well-known websites, together with the fortified city of Ayn Asil and the castle of Buhen. The textual content additionally examines the explicit protecting buildings in the fortifications, together with gates, partitions, and towers, and appears at either the operation and social historical past of those old army strongholds. Maps, images, and art by way of Brian Delf recreate this long-lost yet mythical period, a deal with for the attention in addition to the brain.
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Extra resources for The Fortifications of Ancient Egypt 3000-1780 BC (Fortress)
Assuming that each embrasure had to be protected This by one archer. He ended up with a defending force complicated, since we do not know their relation to of 8 0 4 men and added a further 2 5 per cent for each other. fact makes an exact calculation more officers and support troops, thus coming up with a As one might imagine, both models have weak total number for the inner fortress of 1,005. Another spots and in my opinion a third approach is more method thought up by Barry Kemp, is to look for promising.
The parapet wall was pierced by a double row of loopholes, grouped in threes. 1m [10ft] deep) that ran in front of the curtain wall. Access to the citadel was restricted to a highly fortified, tower-like gate situated in the centre of the western side. Although its superstructure had been largely destroyed by later alterations, the Middle Kingdom foundations have been well enough preserved to give an idea of its general layout. The complex possessed a direct-access passage flanked by two rectangular towers aligned parallel to each other.
This detail from the siege scene described above shows Egyptian soldiers using a mobile siege tower to attack an Asiatic fortress. (© W. Schiele, reproduced by courtesy of the German Archaeological Institute, Cairo) governors' residences were built to establish a network of control in foreign territory. The military architecture of the New Kingdom shows many changes, with the internal layouts altered to suit the new realities. THE SITES TODAY For those interested in visiting the remains of the Egyptian fortifications introduced here some information should be provided.
The Fortifications of Ancient Egypt 3000-1780 BC (Fortress) by Carola Vogel