By Bill Price
In 1922 Howard Carter exposed what's nonetheless considered as the main striking archaeological discovery ever made. Tutankhamun's tomb had remained hidden within the Valley of the Kings for greater than 3000 years and its discovery prompted a media sensation, raising the formerly little-known Egyptian Pharaoh into the placement of a global famous person. The contents of the tomb have been came across virtually completely intact, together with the Pharaoh's mummified physique, nonetheless donning its sturdy gold funeral mask.
Tutankhamun lived in an period while the Egyptian Empire, focused at the royal urban of Thebes, used to be at its top and whilst the wealth and gear of its Pharaoh used to be at its maximum. This used to be additionally a interval of large spiritual upheaval. Akenaten, the heretical Pharaoh and, most certainly, Tutanhkamun's father, had brought a brand new faith, solely worshipping the solar god Aten. below Tutanhkamun, the previous faith, with its many gods and goddesses, used to be restored, placing an finish to the heresy.
In contemporary years examine has shed new mild on Tutankhamun's lifestyles and, particularly, on his loss of life. a brand new exhibition, Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs, has toured the United States and is coming to London in November 2007. Public curiosity within the boy king is as robust as ever and our wisdom of the delicate and complicated society over which he reigned maintains to grow.
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Extra resources for Tutankhamun: Egypt's Most Famous Pharaoh
One possibility is that Nefertiti changed her name to the male name Neferneferuaten and ruled as co-regent with Akhenaten, becoming pharaoh herself for a few years after his death. An alternative theory says she died during Akhenaten’s 14th regnal year, possibly as the result of an outbreak of an epidemic which swept through Egypt at this time, and that • 30 • robin-bobin E G Y P T A N D T H E P H A R AO H S Akhenaten was succeeded by Smenkhare, who was either his younger brother or oldest son.
Some gods were worshipped throughout the country in major temples, while others were much more local, being worshipped in particular cities and religious centres or, even, in particular households. This can be attributed to the ascendancy of the Theban pharaohs to the throne of a reunited Egypt. In • 56 • robin-bobin T H E R E S TO R AT I O N O F A M U N becoming a principal god, Amun came to be associated with Ra and his name was often written as Amun-Ra. The priesthood at Karnak also became much more powerful, with a large proportion of the total revenue of the entire country being expended on monumental building work at Karnak and on supporting the huge number of priests and attendant workers there.
It seems Tutankhamun was not a great music lover, or, perhaps, musical entertainment was thought to be already available in the afterlife so large numbers of instruments did not need to be included in the tomb. • 53 • robin-bobin (See page 90) • 54 • robin-bobin The Restoration of Amun Religion in Egypt Looked at from the standpoint of a secular western society, the religion of Egypt, with its huge pantheon of major and minor gods, is not easy to understand. Religion was inseparable from other aspects of the daily lives of Egyptians, providing an all-encompassing framework within which everything else occurred.
Tutankhamun: Egypt's Most Famous Pharaoh by Bill Price