By Elizabeth Brubaker, Glenn Fox, Ross McKitrick...
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Extra info for A breath of fresh air: the state of environmental policy in Canada
Although people often associate privatization with deregulation, or a loss of control, the privatization of water utilities does not in any way imply deregulation. On the contrary, it goes hand-in-hand with a new focus on regulation. As explained in a review conducted by the federal Policy Research Initiative, “Privatization is not a simple retreat of the state, but rather a redefinition of its role as a regulator in a market-oriented economy” (Ouyahia, 2006: 17). Ontario’s limited experience with privatization confirms this.
Recognizing the progress that has been made up to the present does not mean that no further improvements need to be made, but it does remind us that the lowest-cost reductions have already been exploited and further improvements will be more costly and elusive than previous ones. For the purpose of setting priorities, governments should recognize where progress has been made and consider whether it would be better to devote attention and resources to other concerns that have not received adequate attention, and where greater reductions in risks can be obtained at lower costs.
2 Many small systems are overseen or operated by poorly trained staff who are ill-equipped to meet the challenges they may face. Several provinces have required increased training and certification for operators of municipal water plants in recent years. However, as of 2006, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut still had no requirements for training or certifying operators (Christensen, 2006: 25, 55). The lack of operator expertise is especially acute in aboriginal communities.
A breath of fresh air: the state of environmental policy in Canada by Elizabeth Brubaker, Glenn Fox, Ross McKitrick...