By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change
Weather switch is going on, is prompted principally by means of human actions, and poses major dangers for--and in lots of instances is already affecting--a large diversity of human and average structures. The compelling case for those conclusions is equipped in Advancing the technology of weather swap, a part of a congressionally asked suite of experiences referred to as America's weather offerings. whereas noting that there's constantly extra to profit and that the medical technique is rarely closed, the ebook exhibits that hypotheses approximately weather swap are supported through a number of traces of facts and feature stood company within the face of great debate and cautious overview of different causes. As selection makers reply to those hazards, the nation's clinical company can give a contribution via study that improves figuring out of the reasons and outcomes of weather swap and likewise comes in handy to selection makers on the neighborhood, neighborhood, nationwide, and overseas degrees. The e-book identifies judgements being made in 12 sectors, starting from agriculture to transportation, to spot judgements being made according to weather switch. Advancing the technological know-how of weather switch demands a unmarried federal entity or software to coordinate a countrywide, multidisciplinary examine attempt aimed toward bettering either knowing and responses to weather switch. Seven cross-cutting examine issues are pointed out to aid this clinical company. additionally, leaders of federal weather study may still redouble efforts to installation a complete weather staring at approach, increase weather types and different analytical instruments, put money into human capital, and enhance linkages among study and judgements through forming partnerships with action-oriented courses.
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Extra resources for Advancing the Science of Climate Change (National Research Council)
Html A D VA N C I N G T H E S C I E N C E O F C L I M AT E C H A N G E • Earth is warming. 8ºC) warmer during the first decade of the 21st century than during the first decade of the 20th century, with the most pronounced warming over the past three decades. These data are corroborated by a variety of independent observations that indicate warming in other parts of the Earth system, including the cryosphere (the frozen portions of Earth’s surface), the lower atmosphere, and the oceans. • Most of the warming over the last several decades can be attributed to human activities that release carbon dioxide (CO2) and other heat-trapping greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere.
The nation currently has the capabilities and capacity to make incremental progress in some of these key research areas, but making more dramatic improvements in our understanding of and ability to respond to climate change will require several fundamental alterations in the support for and organization and conduct of climate change research. RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendation 1: The nation’s climate change research enterprise should include and integrate disciplinary and interdisciplinary research across the physical, social, biological, health, and engineering sciences; focus on fundamental, use-inspired research that contributes to both improved understanding and more effective decision making; and be flexible in identifying and pursuing emerging research challenges.
It also influences the health of ecosystems that provide goods and services for humans and for the other species with which we share the planet. In turn, human activities are influencing climate. As discussed in the following chapters, scientific evidence that the Earth is warming is now overwhelming. There is also a multitude of evidence that this warming results primarily from human activities, especially burning fossil fuels and other activities that release heat-trapping greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere.
Advancing the Science of Climate Change (National Research Council) by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change