By Peyton E. Daniels
Africa has traditionally held a peripheral function within the transnational illicit drug alternate, yet lately has more and more turn into a spotlight for drug trafficking, relatively of cocaine. Africa's emergence as a trafficking nexus appears to be like to have resulted from structural shifts in overseas drug trafficking styles. This publication examines how most sensible to stability temporary and long term counter-narcotics ambitions and techniques in Africa, how quite a few U.S. civilian and army and overseas company counter-narcotics roles and tasks in Africa might be outlined and what kinds and degrees of assets those efforts could require.
Read or Download Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues) PDF
Best economic conditions books
International criteria of marketplace Civilization brings together leading students, representing more than a few political opinions, to enquire how worldwide 'standards of marketplace civilization' have emerged, their justification, and their political, financial and social impression. Key chapters exhibit how as the sleek nation approach has advanced such criteria have additionally built, incorporating the capability for social cooperation and self-government to which states needs to conform so one can totally take part as valid participants in overseas society.
Quantity 2 of the definitive industry connection with worldwide electronics construction and markets, with forecasts to 1997. uncooked information are compiled from basic resources together with legit govt our bodies, nationwide exchange institutions, Eurostat, OECD, and awarded in a layout that's without delay related kingdom by way of state, product by means of product.
"Economics of warfare and Peace: monetary, felony, and Political views" brings jointly fresh, state-of-the-art examine on financial components affecting peace and battle. this significant region of continuous examine was once the focal point of a global convention held on the college of Sydney in June 2009 and those chapters are in part drawn from the most effective contributions to that assembly.
- Wealth and Welfare: An Economic and Social History of Britain 1851-1951
- The Labour Party and the Planned Economy, 1931-1951 (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)
- GLOBAL BIG BUSINESS AND THE CHINESE BREWING INDUSTRY (Routledge Studies on the Chinese Economy)
- OECD Economic Surveys: China 2005
Extra resources for Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues)
S. for the underlying drug offense, a concept that is particularly important in cases involving heroin from Afghanistan, and could also be applied to international terrorists involved in the African drug trade. C. §§ 846 and 848, provide the legal authority to prosecute transnational DTOs, and the robust sentencing provisions in these statutes provide incentive for defendants to cooperate with investigators, promoting success in investigations. S. and foreign law enforcement counterparts are addressing the African drug threat.
DEA‘s perspective on the money laundering threat is two-fold: first, DEA is focused on proceeds generated by the illegal drug industry; second, DEA is addressing the threat that drug proceeds represent as a means of financing international terrorist organizations. S. Code Title 21 § 959. S. even though the drugs in question have not actually entered the United States. S. 38 Thomas M. C § 960a gives DEA an enforcement tool for narcoterrorism. Like Section 959, Section 960a gives DEA jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute extra-territorial offenses if a link between the drug offense and a specified act of terrorism or a terrorist organization can be established.
There are obvious signs that Africa‘s vulnerability is being exploited by some of the world‘s most dangerous drug trafficking organizations. The global expansion of West African drug trafficking syndicates, such as Nigerian DTOs, has been documented from Bangkok to Kabul; from Nairobi to Cape Town; and from Lima to Detroit. This expansion would not be possible without safe bases of operation on the African continent. South American cocaine DTOs have impacted much of West Africa due to the rising demand for cocaine and the higher profits that can be made in the European drug market.
Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues) by Peyton E. Daniels