By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a large software of social transformation to enhance the location of the operating type and bad, ladies, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and vast entry to health and wellbeing care, schooling, and social companies. This booklet explores how Nicaragua's least robust electorate have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the advance of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic learn carried out through the Nineteen Nineties, Florence Babb describes the unfavourable effects that experience the go back to a capitalist course, particularly for ladies and low-income electorate. moreover, she charts the expansion of women's and different social events (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, adolescence, peace, and environmental) that experience taken good thing about new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic snap shots of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and worldwide processes.
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Extra info for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
This chapter takes as its point of departure gendered negotiations over social space in Nicaragua, as I explore some of the tensions in a view that attends to both political economy and cultural politics. A number of subjects introduced here, including the urban cooperatives and social movements that were central to my research, are discussed in greater detail in later chapters. In the two that follow most immediately, I consider claims to social space more speciﬁcally in Managua and in one of its barrios.
A reform of the penal, civil, and labor codes in 1992 introduced a num- Negotiating Spaces 37 ber of measures that contradicted the Nicaraguan Constitution approved by the Sandinista government in 1987. The new penal code reasserts women’s primary role in the home and in childbearing. At one extreme, although rape has been made a public crime, the law forces women who have become pregnant as a result of rape to have the child. The law also prohibits sexual relations that are not heterosexual, denying human rights to gay men and lesbians and seeking to enforce normative sexuality.
Whether examining the effects of the economic crisis on their lives or the increasing Negotiating Spaces 39 7. Participants at the women’s national Encuentro (“Unity in Diversity”) held in Managua in 1992. reports of violence against women, they traced the problems over the last decade or more and sought to ﬁnd connections among many apparently disparate questions. For example, in the working group on the economy, women spoke about the psychological cost of the economic crisis, especially for women and children.
After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua by Florence E. Babb