By Cornelia Dean
American citizens like to colonize their shorelines. but if storms threaten, high-ticket beachfront building perpetually takes priority over coastal environmental matters -- we rescue the constructions, now not the seashores. As Cornelia Dean explains in opposed to the Tide, this trend is resulting in the quick destruction of our coast. yet her eloquent account additionally bargains sound suggestion for salvaging the stretches of pristine American shore that remain.The tale starts off with the story of the devastating typhoon that struck Galveston, Texas, in 1900 -- the deadliest traditional catastrophe in American background, which killed a few six thousand humans. erroneous citizens built a wall to avoid one other tragedy, however the barrier ruined the seashore and eventually destroyed the town's booming lodge company. From harrowing bills of ordinary mess ups to lucid ecological reasons of normal coastal tactics, from stories of human interference and building at the shore to clear-eyed elucidation of public coverage and conservation pursuits, this ebook illustrates in wealthy aspect the conflicting pursuits, temporary responses, and long-range imperatives which have been the hallmarks of America's love affair together with her coast.Intriguing observations approximately America's shorelines, prior and current, comprise discussions of typhoon Andrew's attack at the Gulf Coast, the 1962 northeaster that ravaged a thousand miles of the Atlantic shore, the beleaguered shorelines of latest Jersey and North Carolina's quickly vanishing Outer Banks, and the sand-starved coast of southern California. Dean offers dozens of examples of human makes an attempt to tame the sea -- in addition to a wealth of lucid descriptions of the ocean's counterattack. Readers will have fun with opposed to the Tide's painless direction in coastal tactics and new viewpoint at the seashore.
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Extra info for Against the Tide: The Battle for America's Beaches
Waves begin gnawing away at the bluff base, the bluff fails, and a fresh supply of sediment collapses onto the beach. Evidence for this process is abundant. It can be seen in the century-old maps of San Diego showing streets that no longer exist and the offshore rock formations, called “stacks,” that stand alone, the bluffs that once surrounded them long gone. Cliff erosion can be highly episodic. A stretch of coast may survive unscathed for years in relatively mild weather, only to retreat dramatically in LITORAL DRIFT (SAND LEAVES SYSTEM) WIND SMALL WAVES SAND BAR BEACH WASHOVER WASHOVER LARGE WAVES STORM WAVES LITORAL DRIFT (SAND ENTERS SYSTEM) Schematic shows the forces that carry sand on and off the beach.
They met at a conference center the academy operates at an old estate in Woods Hole, a rock-bound town on the Cape’s southern shore. As they debated the problem and broke into groups to discuss possible remedies, the scientists could look out the windows of their shingled conference building over a lush green lawn running down to the rocks and a tiny beach at the edge of the harbor. Though it was almost summer, the water was still cold, and fog shrouded the meeting. Inside, though, the discussion was hot.
In the immediate vicinity of structures or . . along adjacent shorelines sometimes miles away. 3. Most shoreline stabilization projects protect property, not beaches. The protected property belongs to a few individuals relative to the number of Americans who use beaches. If left alone, beaches will always be present, even if they are moving landward. 4. The cost of saving beach property by stabilization is very high. Often it is greater than the value of the property to be saved especially if long range costs are considered.
Against the Tide: The Battle for America's Beaches by Cornelia Dean