By Jay Shankar Singh, Gamini Seneviratne
This two-volume paintings is a testomony to the expanding curiosity within the position of microbes in sustainable agriculture and nutrients safety. Advances in microbial applied sciences are explored in chapters facing issues corresponding to plant-microbe interactions, rhizoremediation and cyanoremediation, and bio-immobilization. quantity II is a suite of analysis findings that invitations readers to envision the applying of microbes in pollutants relief, decontamination of agro- and aquatic ecosystems, and remediation of varied poisonous compounds. hugely readable entries try and shut the data hole among soil microbial institutions and sustainable agriculture.
conventional agricultural administration strategies have relied seriously on program of chemical fertilizers and insecticides; and up to date land use swap practices have resulted in over exploitation of common assets. thoughts defined right here simplify a classy photograph of ways microbial groups can increase the standard of atmosphere and put off foodstuff shortage within the coming generations. This paintings is an important contribution to analyze during this more and more vital self-discipline of soil sciences, and may entice researchers in microbiology, agriculture, environmental sciences, and soil and crop sciences.
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Additional info for Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution
2015). Among the different microbes, methane oxidisers (primarily methanotrophs) and sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRBs) are the key microbial groups that degrade methane. Sulphate-reducing bacteria reduce sulphate into sulphide using methane as an electron donor. The SRBs are reported to be syntrophically associated with anaerobic methane-oxidising bacteria/archaea, but none of these anaerobic microbes have been isolated and the syntrophic mechanisms are still unclear (Knittel and Boetius 2009).
Singh Sullivan JP, Dickinson D, Chase HA (1998) Methanotrophs, Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b, sMMO, and their application to bioremediation. Crit Rev Microbiol 124:335–373 Takeuchi M, Nanba K, Iwamoto H, Nirei H, Kusuda T, Kazaoka O, Furuya K (2001) Distribution of methanotrophs in trichloroethylene-contaminated aquifers in a natural gas field. Geomicrobiol J 18:387–399 Takeuchi M, Nanba K, Yoshida M, Nirei H, Furuya K (2004) Natural groundwater of a gas field utilizable for a bioremediation of trichloroethylene-contamination.
The enzymes can transform C1-C8 n-alkanes into 1- and 2-alcohols, terminal alkenes into 1,2-epoxides and diethyl ether into ethanol/ethanal (Colby et al. 1977). Alkanes are hydroxylated mostly at the terminal and sub-terminal positions, while ring hydroxylation of aromatics occurs primarily at the meta position. The sMMO oxygenates alkenes to epoxides with retention of stereochemistry around the C=C double bond (Smith and Murrell 2009). Chlorinated compounds that are degradable by MMOs include chloroform (Alvarez-Cohen and McCarty 1991a), trichloroethylene (Alvarez-Cohen and McCarty 1991a, b; Henry and Grbic-Galic 1990, 1991; Koh et al.
Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution by Jay Shankar Singh, Gamini Seneviratne